Kaziranga is a famous National park in the North eastern state of India. It is situated between the Nagaon and Golaghat district of Assam. The initiative for establishing Kazinragna Park is credited to Mary Victoria Leither Curzon. She was the wife of Lord Curzon who was the Viceroy of India in British era. It was only on the persuasion of Mary Victoria that in the year 1905 the Kaziranga Reserve Forest was created.
Established in 1905 as a forest reserve, it took fourteen years for the Kaziranga to be designated as a National Park. For, it is only in the year 1968 that the state Government of Assam declared Kaziranga as a National Park. Further, in the year 1985 due to unique eco system or biological diversity at this place, UNESCO included it in the list of WorldâEUR(TM)s Heritage Site.
This place is famous for its diverse plants and animalâEUR(TM)s species. List of reptiles, mammals and animals that live in this place is large. The sandbars, beels lake, chapories in Kaziranga provide shelter to the varied wildlife species. WorldâEUR(TM)s major population of One- horned Rhinoceros, Swamp Deer and AsiaâEUR(TM)s Water Buffalo, is found here. Largest and venomous snake, the famous King Cobra also lives in Kaziranga.
Population of other animal species such as elephants, sambar, wild boar, Hispid Hare, Bengal Fox, Gibbon, hog deer and many more is very significant here. More than 15 species of turtles and fish also inhibit here. Out of 35 mammals species which are found here, 15 comes under extinction risk as per the IUCN Red list. Kaziranga also has highest density of Indian Tigers. This is the reason for this place to be declared as a Tiger Reserve in the year 2006. Not only some rare primate species but the only ape in India is found in Kaziranga National Park.
Kazinranga is a home to variety of game birds, scavengers, migratory birds, riverine birds and birds of prey. Asian Openbill Stork, Eastern Imperial, Dalmatian Pelican and Ferruginous Duck are some of the rare bird species found at this place. Birdlife International, a conservatory organization which works to conserve birds has identified Kaziranga National Park as an Important Bird Area. Some of the threatened birds and vulture species found here include Slender-billed Vulture, Bengal Florican Game bird and FinnâEUR(TM)s Waevers birds.
This place supports the growth of rich vegetation. Kaziranga is dominated by deciduous and semi-evergreen forests. Visitors can experience the rich flora and fauna with the help of Kaziranga National Park guided tours. This park remains open for visitors from all over the world from mid of October to Mid of April every year. Rest of the months, it remains close due to monsoon rains.